The policy framework for the fisheries sector is based on the expansion of fish production on a sustainable basis to provide a key source of protein for the national population at a competitive price. In order to support increased production of fish, it is essential that the marine environment is adequately protected. Specific fisheries management objectives.
Shallow shelf and reef fish resources. The main species targeted are hinds [groupers, seabasses] Serranidae , parrotfishes Scaridae , squirrelfishes Holocentridae , grunts Pamadosydae , surgeonfishes Acanthuridae and triggerfishes Balistidae. Juveniles are distributed around mangroves and seagrass beds, while the adults live among the coral reefs.
The current regulations stipulate that the use of dynamite, poisons and other noxious substances, and trammel nets are prohibited. The use of spear guns is restricted. The stock is considered to be overexploited due to the increase of fishing effort, destructive fishing practices and habitat degradation and destruction. The main management objective of this fishery is to promote stock recovery. Management measures include size and gear limits, close areas and seasons; effort reduction and co-management arrangements.
So far, the modification of traps to improve selectivity has not yet been implemented, primarily as a result of declining use of traps. Exploratory fishing for deep-slope demersals and large pelagics are continuing as an initial step in the diversion of effort from the shallow shelf and reef fishery. Management teams have been appointed to manage the Tobago Cays Marine Park. Permission for the use of spear guns is granted only to commercial fishers. Under this act, the management team is required to consult stakeholders on management issues.
Whenever there is a request from the Central Planning Department, the Fisheries Division provides advice on projects with potential significant negative impacts on the marine environment. However, no formal mechanism has been instituted. Deep-slope fish resource. Targeted species include snappers Lutjanidae and groupers Serranidae , which are taken mainly on handlines. Bottom set longlines with about hooks are also used. These species are fished more heavily in the off-season for large pelagics.
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In the Grenadines , they are harvested all year round and a large proportion of the catch is delivered direct to trading vessels for export. There are no specific regulations for this fishery except the restriction on mesh size for traps. Anecdotal evidence suggests that this fishery is underexploited.
A precautionary approach is warranted since foreign effort cannot be quantified and some species e.
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The main management objective of this fishery is to maximize catches within the limits of the potential yield. Data on catch rates and size frequency are also being routinely collected for a number of grouper and snapper species. Coastal pelagics. The coastal pelagics are nearshore fish found in mid-water or surface waters in beach areas. They are often smaller than offshore pelagics. Schooling species are caught by seines, which are set from small rowboats or set offshore from a large double-ended rowboat assisted by two or three smaller boats some are powered by outboard engines and a team of SCUBA divers to tend the foot rope.
Gill nets fixed or drifting are used primarily for catching ballahoo. Anecdotal evidence from fishers suggests that stocks are moderately exploited. Lack of information precludes the estimation of potential yield. Currently, there is a size restriction on mesh gear, with the use of trammel tangle nets prohibited and restriction on the use of ballahoo nets. Management measures in place include 1 minimum mesh size for seines this has already been legislated ; 2 expansion of the marine reserve areas; and 3 control of land based pollution and coastal development.
The average annual fish export amounts to an estimated lbs.
The policy framework for the fisheries sector is the expansion of fish production on a sustainable basis to provide a key source of protein for the local population at a competitive price. The Fisheries Division is responsible for the overall management and development of the fisheries sector. The Division has the following pieces of legislation to assist in its task:. The Fisheries Act and Regulation , which form part of the OECS harmonized legislation, covers: fisheries access agreements, local and foreign fishing licensing, fish processing establishments, fisheries research, fisheries enforcement and the registration of fishing vessels.
The legislation also make provision for conservation measures such as prohibiting the use of any explosive, poison or other noxious substance for the purpose of killing, stunning, disabling, or catching fish; closed seasons, gear restrictions, creation of marine reserves.
The Maritime areas Act - Establishes the maritime areas of St. Other relevant legislation include the following:. There are approximately 2, full and part-time fishers in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, however, there are approximately fishers estimated from the Licensing and Registration System LRS Fish vendors, traders. Processors account for an additional persons. Information gathered from the LRS indicates that there are over vessels operating at various landing sites in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Most of these vessels are below 32 ft in length and are constructed mainly from wood and fibreglass. They are constructed from wood or marine plywood. The wood or plywood, in many cases, are covered by epoxy or fibreglass.
Flat transomed boats have a pointed bow and flat stern or transom and are often powered by one or two outboard gasoline engines ranging from 14 - horsepower. A crew of three operates most of these boats. Pirogues are also open boats with a pointed bow and flat transom, however, the bow is much higher than the flat transomed boats and they tend to be slightly larger, ranging from 19 - 30 ft in length, with a beam of 4 - 10 ft.
They are constructed from fibreglass and powered by one or two outboard gasoline engines ranging from 40 - 75 horsepower. They are mainly used for the off shore pelagic fishing and carry a crew of three - a captain and two fishers.
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Canoes are hallowed-out tree trunks. Planks are added along the sides to raise the running board above the waves. These canoes are usually 22 - 25 ft in length with beams of 5 - 6 ft and are used for fishing demersal and the small inshore pelagic species. They are usually outfitted with outboard gasoline engines with horsepower ranging from 25 - 65 HP. Longliners are powered by inboard marine diesel engines ranging from 90 - HP, and are outfitted with modern navigational and fishing equipment.
In Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, these vessels range from The main type of longliner is a Yanmar chine type made of glass reinforced plastic GRP powered by inboard diesel engines ranging from 90 - HP. These vessels are between They are and designed to operate up to nautical miles from the islands for 3 to 5 days. These multi-purpose vessels are used primarily for tuna longline fishing, but may also be utilised for trolling, and bottom longline fishing.
In most cases, they carry a crew of 4 to 5 persons. The other longliners used are standard American built longline vessels. Launches include cabin cruisers and Boston whalers, constructed from fibreglass and range in length from 16 to 34 ft, with beams from 5 to 10 ft. They are powered either by outboard engines ranging from 55 to HP or inboard engines up to HP. These vessels are generally imported and are used primarily used for recreational fishing. They are sometimes converted for commercial fishing through reduction of the engine power and gear modification.
Sloops are decked vessels constructed from wood and powered by inboard engines and sails. These large boats can travel long distances, however, they are operated primarily on the Grenadines shelf 3 - 5 miles from shore. Gullick, Charles C. Jackson, Jane. Landman, Bette Emeline. Price, Neil. Thomas-Hope, Elizabeth M.
Zane, Wallace W. Z ANE. Toggle navigation. Culture Name Vincentians. Alternative Names The locals sometimes call the main island "Hairoun," its Carib name.